Here's a look at the life of Colin Powell, former Secretary of State and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Personal: Birth date: April 5, 1937
Birthplace: Harlem, New York
Birth name: Colin Luther Powell
Parents: Luther Powell, a shipping clerk
Mother: Maud Ariel (McKoy) Powell, a seamstress
Marriage: Alma Vivian (Johnson) Powell (August 25, 1962-present)
Children: Annemarie Powell (May 1970); Linda Powell (April 1965); Michael Powell (March 1963)
Education: City College of New York, B.S. in geology,1958; George Washington University, M.B.A.,1971; National War College, 1976
Military service: U.S. Army, 1958-1993, General
Other Facts: Powell grew up in the South Bronx, the son of Jamaican immigrants.
Powell participated in ROTC in college, leading the precision drill team and attaining the top rank offered by the corps, cadet colonel.
Military awards include the Legion of Merit, Bronze Star, Air Medal, Soldier's Medal and two Purple Hearts.
Civilian awards include the President's Citizens Medal, the Congressional Gold Medal, the Secretary of State Distinguished Service Medal, and the Secretary of Energy Distinguished Service Medal as well as receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom twice.
Powell was the youngest man and first African-American to be Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Powell was the first African-American Secretary of State.
Timeline: June 1958 - Is commissioned as a 2nd lieutenant in the U.S. Army.
1960s - Serves two tours of duty in South Vietnam.
1963 - Powell is wounded while in Vietnam by a Vietcong booby trap.
1969 - Powell is wounded again in Vietnam in a helicopter crash. He rescues two other soldiers in the crash.
1972-1973 - As a White House fellow, works for Frank Carlucci, the Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget under Caspar Weinberger.
1976-1977 - Commander of the 2nd Brigade, 101st Airborne Division.
1979 - Executive assistant to Charles Duncan, Jr., Secretary of Energy.
1979-1981 - Senior military assistant to the Deputy Secretary of Defense.
1981-1983 - Assistant division commander of the 4th Infantry Division in Ft. Carson, Colorado.