The American Civil War begins, FDR passes away, a Soviet cosmonaut becomes the first human to travel into space, and the first space shuttle lifts off, all on this day.
1204: The Crusaders of the Fourth Crusade breach the walls of Constantinople and enter the city, which they completely occupy the following day. The Crusaders looted, terrorized and vandalized Constantinople for three days, during which many ancient and medieval Roman and Greek works were either stolen or destroyed. The decision to attack the Eastern Orthodox Christian city also deepened the rift between the Eastern Orthodox Church and Roman Catholic Church.
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